: The word "organization" is used broadly to also mean government agency, business, nonprofit, association, etc.1. Privacy implications are recognized explicitly and shall be considered when personally identifiable information is to be collected, accessed, stored, merged or otherwise manipulated, and when the application of any new information technology is introduced.2. Personal information shall not be used or disclosed for purposes other than those for which it was collected.
Secondary use is permitted only with the affirmative consent of the individual.3. An organization shall make specific information available to individuals about its policies and practices relating to the handling of personal information.
Policy analysts predict that the data of, say, multinational corporations based in EU countries will be restricted from transmitting personally identifiable data into the U. By adopting privacy principles, perhaps California can be the first state in the nation which passes the "adequacy" test of the European Union vis-a-vis its Data Protection Directive.: The following nine principles have been adapted from several existing sets of "fair information practices," developed since the early 1970s. Privacy implications are recognized explicitly and shall be considered when personally identifiable information is to be collected, accessed, stored, merged or otherwise manipulated, and when the application of any new information technology is introduced.
Why it's needed: It is important that privacy implications be considered proactively rather than reactively.
Likewise, the personally identifiable information collected and disseminated by private sector entities can also impact individuals' lives.
Information compiled in a variety of commercial data bases is used to make decisions about employment, insurance, health care, and credit, to name just a few applications. Ignoring privacy implications up front leads to retrofitting the system after the fact -- an expensive proposition, not only in economic terms, but also societal and personal.
The national average, in contrast, is 24% of households.
These companies continue to lead the world in developing a broad range of software products that enable individuals, corporations and government agencies to safeguard personally identifiable information.In San Diego County, for example, the Department of Health and Human Services, is developing a "Consolidated Client Index." Another such endeavor is Project Heartbeat which would merge the various data bases of agencies that serve at-risk youth.The latter is the subject of Assembly Bill 1801 (Davis) which would enable the agencies to share data with one another via a pilot project in San Diego County.In many instances, California has led the nation in the creation of such laws.Californians themselves take extra steps to protect their privacy.